Project: Youth Engagement

This research program focuses on understanding the relationship between civic engagement of youth and Information Communication Technologies (ICTs).

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The “Youth, ICTs, and Political Engagement in Asia” project spanned over two years from 2009 to 2012 and officially closed on November 15, 2012. The five-country (Singapore, Malaysia, Philippines, India, Bangladesh) comparative study was funded by International Development Research Center, Canada through ideacorp, the Philippines, after a competitive review process. A grant of SGD 170,000 was utilized to conduct 143 in-depth interviews and 41 focus group discussions with young activists. About 35 researchers were recruited, trained, and organized to contribute to this project. The research findings from this project have been published as a special issue inInternational Communication Gazette in April 2013. Before that, the project has been presented as a panel at the 19th Asian Media Information and Communication (AMIC 2011) and the annual conference of International Association of Media and Communication Research (IAMCR 2012). The project was re-invented and continued through an NUS-University of Sydney Partnership Fund during 2019-2021.

See more details in this Final Technical Report.







  1. Zhang, W., Chen, Z., Chia, Y-T., & Neoh, J. Y. (2022). Rethinking civic education in the digital era: How media, school, and young people negotiate the meaning of citizenship. International Communication Gazette, 84 (4), 287-305.
  2. Zhang, W. (2022). Political disengagement among youth: A comparison between 2011 and 2020. Frontiers in Psychology.
  3. Zhang, W. (November, 2020).I Am Not Interested in Politics!: A Temporal Comparison of Youth between 2011 and 2020. Paper presented at the online workshop on “Youth, News, and Democratic Engagement”, International Journal of Press/Politics.
  4. Zhang, W. & Lallana, E. (2013). Editorial of “Youth, ICTs, and Civic Engagement in Asia”. International Communication Gazette, 75(3), 249-252.
  5. Zhang, W. (2013). Redefining youth activism through digital technology in Singapore. International Communication Gazette, 75(3), 253-270. [slides] a. Reprinted in Youth Culture and Activism in Southeast Asia. ISEAS, 2015.
  6. Zhang, W. & David, C. (2012). Youth engagement and ICTs in Southeast Asia: Reflections on emerging trends. In M. M. Skoric, M. Sachs, & P. Parycek (Eds.), Proceedings of CeDEM Asia 2012, Singapore.

Partner Institutions

This research was funded by NUS-University of Sydney Partnership Fund (R-124-000-102-133), International Development Research Center, Canada through ideacorp, the Philippines (R-124-000-037-597) and NUS' FASS start-up grant (R-124-000-034-133). Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed on this website are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funder.

IDRCUniversity of SydneyUniversity of NottinghamUniversity of ChittagongUniversity of the PhillippinesIndian Institute of Technology